Test Your French: Essential Vocabulary for Renting a Property in France


Essential Reading

Test Your French: Essential Vocabulary for Renting a Property in France

Whether you’re searching for an apartment in Paris or elsewhere, or looking to rent before you buy in France, we’ve put together all the essential vocabulary and need-to-know property jargon for renting a property in France. How many of these words did you know already?

House Hunting/Choosing an Apartment in France

Ready to start house hunting or searching for an apartment? These are the French words and phrases that you’ll need to know.

Agence Immobilière/ agent immobilier – real estate agency/real estate agent.

À Louer – to rent

Une location –  a property for rent

Locataire/ Locateur  – renter/tenant

Propriétaire – landlord

Co-Locataire – co-renters

Immobiliers/un bien – properties/a property. This could be a maison (house), appartement (flat), immeuble(building)or logement (accommodation).

Frais d’agence/ honoraires d’Agence  – Real estate agency fees

Hors Taxe or HT – Price, not including sales tax

Understanding property announcements

T1/T2/T3 – Designates the number of rooms. A T2 apartment means a 2-room apartment, but note that this will be 1 bedroom + 1 living space. The kitchen, bathroom, and toilet are not counted as separate rooms.

Surface Habitable – Floor space in m2

Libre de Suite – Available immediately

Loyer – Rent

CC or Charges Comprises / HC  or Hors Charges– Includes Charges/doesn’t include charges. This indicates whether the listed rental price includes or doesn’t include building charges (these could include rubbish pickup, building maintenance fees, or gardening fees, and are typically non-negotiable).

Charges Locatives – The building charges due to the tenant.

Pièce – Room

étage –  Floor

Meublé – Furnished

Voisinage – Neighborhood

Double Vitrage – Double-Glazed Windows

Douche Italienne – Walk-In Shower

Cour  – Courtyard

Climatisation – Air conditioning

Concierge – Caretaker, who usually lives on site,

Dépendence –  Outbuilding

Cuisine équipée et aménagée – a fitted kitchen with cupboards and kitchen appliances

Chambre – Bedroom

Chauffage Central – Central heating

Cheminée – Fireplace

Cuisine équipée – a kitchen with cupboards

Visiting the property/your dossier

Une Visite – a house viewing

Bon de Visite – Some agencies require this certificate to be signed prior to visiting a property.

Dossier – You’ll likely be asked for this before you are able to arrange a property visit, and it will typically include your Carte d’identité – ID card or passport, previous Quittances de loyer – rent recipes, and previous Bulletins de salaire – payslips, Avis d’imposition – Tax bill, or Contrat de travail – Work Contract

Fiche de Renseignements – Real estate agency form to submit with your dossier

Signing the Rental Agreement

Le bail – lease/a rental contract, either un bail nu for an unfurnished property or un bail meublé for a furnished property.

Le bailleur  – the property owner/landlord

Clause Particulière – Conditions particular to your lease

Dépôt de Garantie – Security Deposit

Durée du Contrat – Rental Period

La caution/ le garant – a co-signer or guarantor

Garantie des Loyers Impayés or GLI – Landlord’s insurance policy

Dossier de Candidature/ Le dossier de location – the file of documents to be presented at the signing of the rental agreement. A typical dossier might include:

  • une photocopie de votre carte d’identité (a photocopy of your passport)
  • trois derniers bulletins de salaire (your last three payslips)
  • un justificatif de domicile (proof of your current address)
  • le dernier avis d’imposition (your last tax return)
  • un garant (a guarantor)
  • votre carte de séjour (your French residence card)
  • votre RIB (your French bank account details)
  • trois derniers quittances de loyer de votre dernière location (receipts of payment from the last rental property you stayed in).

Mandataire – Third-party or agency who has a mandate to manage the property on behalf of the landlord

Préavis – Notice period

Prelèvement Automatique – Direct debit

Obligations du Locataire – Tenant obligations as per the lease

Obligations du Bailleur – Landlord obligations as per the lease

Resiliation – Cancellation of a contract

Responsabilité Civile – Third-party liability

L’état des lieux  the inventory/property inspection carried out prior to renting

Renting in France

Assurance d’habitation – Home insurance, which includes your civil liability insurance. Renters are obliged by law to take out an annual policy, and your landlord will likely ask to see a copy.

Taxe d’habitation – Council tax, or residency tax, due and payable wherever you are living on January 1st

Taxe foncière – Property tax

Titre Interbancaire de Paiement or TIP – You can pay your utility and insurance bills with a “TIP,” like a check that you date and sign

Avis d’échéance – Rental invoice

à la charge du locataire -tenant’s charges

Le revenu foncier – rental income

La sous-location – subletting

Moving to France?

From applying for your visa and opening a French bank account, to integrating in your new community – FrenchEntrée is here to help! Let our Essential Reading and Visa & Residency articles guide you through the whole process, then visit our Owning Property, French Tax, Healthcare, and Life in France zones for everything else you need to know.

Share to:  Facebook  Twitter   LinkedIn   Email

Previous Article GBP/USD at a three-month high – Sterling Update
Next Article News Digest: Will Strikes Affect Christmas Travel To France?

Related Articles

FrenchEntrée's Digital Editor, Zoë is also a freelance journalist who has written for the Telegraph, HuffPost, and CNN, and a guidebook updater for the Rough Guide to France and Rough Guide to Dordogne & Lot. She lives in the French countryside just outside of Nantes.

Leave a reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *