New regions of FranceA new map of France reorganised its internal administration, reducing the number of regions from 22 down to 13. After months of debate, resistance, changes, and much reshuffling of cartography, the 13-region version was adopted by the Assemblée Nationale  – the lower house of the bicameral Parliament of France – with effect in January 2016 with the  aim to simplify bureaucracy and save costs.

Until December 2015, the country was previously divided into 22 administrative regions, which in turn are divided into departments. These political and administrative borders are not to be confused with the historical or cultural regions of France, which have and preserve their own character, architecture, traditions, geography, cuisine and even their singular dialects.

The French state is decentralised territorially in order to coordinate and deliver state functions more effectively. While French regions do not hold legislative authority – they do not write their own laws – they do indeed have considerable discretionary power over infrastructure and operational spending in education, tourism, public transit, universities and research, unemployment, and assistance to businesses.

View the interactive map on our sister site FranceToday.com which displays all the hotspots, departments and new regions of France >>>

What changes?

Of the new 13 regions in the new map of France, only seven experienced changes to the previously existing distribution.

The regions that changed are:

  • Grand-Est (Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine)
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine (Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes)
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
  • Occitanie (Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées)
  • Hauts-de-France (combining Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardie)
  • Normandie (combining Basse-Normandie and Haute-Normandie)

The other 6 regions stay just as they were before:

  • Bretagne
  • Corse
  • Centre
  • Île-de-France
  • Pays de la Loire
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur

 

View our BEFORE and AFTER map

REGIONAL CAPITALS

The discussion now shifts to which city will become the capital of the new regions (Strasbourg has already been identifed as the capital of the Alsace/Champagne-Ardenne/Lorraine region) and what happens to the public servants currently employed at the regional level. It will make for interesting conversation, to say the least, as the regions that blend into one will have a considerable overlap of administrative functions.

 

Confirmed capitals:

Rennes: Bretagne (region unchanged)
Ajaccio: Corse (region unchanged)
Orleans: Centre (region unchanged)
Paris: Île-de-France (region unchanged)
Nantes: Pays de la Loire (region unchanged)
Marseille: Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur (region unchanged)

Strasbourg: Alsace-Champagne-Ardenne-Lorraine (new regional capital designated by decree on January 16, 2015)

 

Provisional capitals:

The list of new regional capital will be firmed up in July 2016. In the meantime, a provisional list of ‘chefs-lieux’ for each region was decided:

Lyon: Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes

Rouen: Normandie

Lille: Nord-Pas-de-Calais-Picardie

Bordeaux: Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes

Toulouse: Languedoc-Roussillon-Midi-Pyrénées

Dijon: Bourgogne-Franche-Comté.

 

What about departments?

As mentioned, each region in France is further divided into departments. While the current departments remain unchanged for the moment, the territorial reform provides that any given department can change regions under the droit d’option. As reported by Le Point, the droit d’option can be exercised voluntarily by a department that choses to attach itself to another region anytime between 2016 and 2019, meaning that the French map will be changing again soon.

 

© PHOTO MINISTÈRE DE L’INTÉRIEUR

Originally posted in November 2014, recent update January 2016.

 

6 Responses to “New map of France reduces regions to 13”

  1. neville

    neville

    What are the names of these 13 new regions?

    Neville

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  2. neville

    neville

    Will I ever get a reply I wonder???????????

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  3. satprof

    satprof

    Neville – Six régions are unchanged, so are likely to keep their old names, whilst discussions are continuing with regards to the seven new ones. If you’d like one to bet on, I’d suggest Normandie for the combination of the two ‘old’ régions with that name! For a bit of ‘grandeur’, perhaps at least one will become ‘Grand-xxxx’ where xxxx is a compass-point, so possibly Grand-Sud, but this is surmise on my part.

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  4. neville

    neville

    THank you, I’ll wait and see then.
    Kind regards
    Neville

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  5. Charlotte

    Hi Neville,
    The article has been updated to show the names of the new regions, which are as follows;

    Grand-Est (Alsace, Champagne-Ardenne and Lorraine)
    la Nouvelle Aquitaine (Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes)
    Auvergne and Rhône-Alpes
    Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    Occitanie (Languedoc-Roussillon and Midi-Pyrénées)
    Hauts-de-France (combining Nord-Pas-de-Calais and Picardie)
    Normandie (combining Basse-Normandie and Haute-Normandie)

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