Bredele, the traditional Christmas biscuits from Alsace

Bredele, the traditional Christmas biscuits from Alsace

Alsace, the region in the east of France on the border with Germany, is the emblematic ‘capital of Christmas”. In every marché de Noël you will find something delicious like mulled wine, charcuterie, gingerbread figures, and most definitely you’ll find the quaint bredele.

According to bredele experts Aude and Sébastien of, the exact history of these biscuits is hard to establish.  “The first recipes of bredeles in Strasbourg date back to the 14th century, and started to become more common around the 18th century,” they said, “we know that they became very popular and you could find them all over Alsace during the early 19th century with the introduction of the handy emporte-pièce cookie-cutters in French kitchens.”

These bite-size biscuits come in many different shapes, decorations and flavours such as almond, lemon, and honey, decorated or glazed. They are perfect for sharing and also make great hostess gifts presented in a decorated tin.
Traditional Butter bredele ©
Aude and Sébastien shared their recipe for the basic bredele, a simple butter biscuit, that can be used to create hundreds of variations, shapes and decorations, plus an original idea to present them in a charming Christmas tree arrangement.

Butter bredele recipe

Preparation time: 30 minutes
Baking time: 8 minutes
Oven: 180°C (Setting 6)


375 g flour
200 g sugar
250 g softened butter
1 sachet of vanilla sugar
Icing sugar
Eau de vie

Chocolate or multicoloured sprinkles


Bredele biscuits Christmas tree ©Bredele.frPreparation and 3D Christmas tree:

Work the flour, butter and sugar together, add the vanilla sugar and a few drops of water just until the dough forms into a ball. Roll out the dough with a rolling pin, and cut in different sized star shapes with a sharp knife (there’s a special set of cookie-cutters made just for this purpose) and arrange them on an oiled (or lined) baking tray.

Bake for 8 minutes at 180 C degrees.

Once cool, prepare a glaze with icing sugar and a few drops of eau de vie. Starting with the larger stars on the bottom, assemble the tree using a few drops of glaze to hold them together.

Decorate with the rest of the glaze and sprinkles according to your creative flair.

Recipe and images courtesy of

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Sylvia is a freelance journalist based in France, focusing on business and culture. A valued member of the France Media editorial team, Sylvia is a regular contributor to our publication.

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  •  Philippe Sprauer
    2023-12-11 04:47:00
    Philippe Sprauer
    Félicitations Aude et Sébastien , un joyeux Noél à vous et vos familles depuis Vancouver .